Headline: For the first time 2 human genomes compared

What sounds brand new in a current nature genetics preprint, could have even been done already a couple of years before. The CNV specialists from Toronto compare now the Human Genome Project sequence with the Celera sequence. Was the gap between these two compilations bigger than the intra sequence holes? Both sequences are of course mosaics from several individuals but the analysis nevertheless exemplifies how difficult it may be to compare even the genome of two related individuals. The authors employ a whole battery of alignment tools BLAT, MEGABLAST, A2Axxx, GCA. Of course results are different depending on strategy, definition and implementation used. As show nicely by FISH analysis most of the discrepancies are true and can be classified into a few categories – insertions with and without corresponding fragment or deletions if seen from the second genome (has somebody ever thought about a minimal human genome?), mismatches and inversions. We are getting here a preview of the diagnostic workup in a patient in 2026. This blog contains forward looking statements while the responsibility rests solely with the reader. Yea, yea.